A cinematographer or director of photography is the chief over the camera and lighting crews working on a film, television production or other live action piece and is responsible for achieving artistic and technical decisions related to the image.
In the British system of cinematography, the director of photography sometimes credited as the lighting cameraman, is responsible for lighting the set and the visual look of the film, but has no final say over more purely camera operating-based visual elements such as framing. This system means that the director consults the lighting cameraperson for lighting and filtration, and the operator for framing and lens choices.
Whereas in the American system, the technical crew is subordinate to the director of photography, who, along with and next to the director, has the final word on all decisions related to both lighting and framing, color and tone.
A writer who practices the craft of screenwriting, writing screenplays on which mass media such as films, television programs, comics or video games are based.
Every screenplay and teleplay begins with a thought or idea, and screenwriters use those ideas to write scripts, with the intention of selling them and having them produced. The majority of the time, a film project gets initiated by a screenwriter and because they initiated the project, the writing assignment exclusively becomes his or hers.
After a screenwriter finishes a project, he or she pairs with an industry-based representative, such as a producer, director, literary agent or entertainment executive. These partnerships will often pitch their project to investors or others in a position to further a project. Once the script is sold the writer only has the rights that were agreed with the purchaser.
Sometimes screenwriters come on as advisors for the development of the film, or if they are established, as a producer. Some screenwriters are even able to direct.