Swastika (1974) – Philippe Mora

  • Background Music – As the Swastika (Nazi) symbol is spinning out with the usage of special effects, protesting and background music from Germany’s chanting can be overheard.
  • Germany 1933-1939
  • Follows the work of a group of mailmen going throughout Germany to deliver newspapers to citizens (propaganda?)
  • The movement of a steam train – symbolising the passing of time
  • A group of neat women dressed in reasonably formal attire singing hymns as they arrive at a farm.
  • Archival Footage from various filmmakers cut together to make it flow. From all this propaganda footage this is why they went down this path.
  • Everyone’s organised and working, all people presented on-screen are dressed in suits and uniforms. Structured lives of farmers, soldiers, scouts and students and etc.
  • In the 1930s, colour had just been discovered by German filmmakers. Film was so important in the utilisation of propaganda.
  • Archival Footage – Art culture presented through opera, fitting the Nazi morale. The low-angles of the Nazi flags as a camera tracks alongside a building. Unveils that these flags were distributed all over German cultures.
  • Monuments built in the honoring of the symbolic and highly influential symbol.
  • A crowd of thousands of German men, women and children waving their miniature flags with great enthusiasm. This reveals how truly proud they were as a nation of Hitler and his motives. They also shown using their iconic hand sign. The enormous cheering and praising of Hitler is heard as he passes through the crowds by means of transportation.
  • The Nazis had no room for any other message other than that approved by Hitler which highly acclaimed him, his values, attitudes and beliefs.
  • All the propaganda was all about Hitler and his gigantic ego as opposed to it actually being about Germany.
  • Archival Footage of Adolf Hitler celebrating Christmas with his family. Behind the rows of the symbolic cross is the Nazi symbol displayed above it in juxtapositioning.
  • All of Germany worked solely for the honoring of Hitler as he “saved them in their hour of need”. There was massive unemployment and limited national pride in Germany after World War 1 after their significant defeat. Hitler gave everyone the opportunity to be a part of something. Before he was in power in 1933, they were disillusioned and were suffering. Everyone started working together to rebuild the country and its potential for power.
  • Hitler was building his military, navy and soldiers. Because for Hitler it wasn’t just a building of germany, he wanted all of Europe. This is due to his strong belief that Germany was the truly superior nation.
  • Broadcasting TV in 1936, the Germans were experimenting with TV technology. They were developing that technology so that they could transmit German propaganda and control the media and minds of the German citizens.
  • The Germans would have not like Jesse Owens for his victory as a black african-american in the 12th Olympics because the Germans had hosted the event and truly believed that they would have been able to prove that they were the superior race.
  • Germany’s careful selections of invading other countries, masses of young men to join the military to fulfil Hitler’s vision that Europe would be owned and controlled by Germany.
  • Archival Footage of the Germans training for battle and invasion.
  • Juxtapositioning of Hitler’s treatment of German children as opposed to the way in which Jews were treated (living in poverty and deprived of simple things).
  • A contradictory song about the praising of man as images of Hitler and his family mucking around in front of the camera. Hitler’s niece was his lover. “What wouldn’t I do for that man?” is a line from the song which reflects Germany’s great love for Hitler at the time.
  • Millions of soldiers marching with their Swastika flags held high, it seemed to be a giant parade that lasted for hours on end.
  • The English prime minister attempted to reason with Hitler in Germany and encourage him to not invade Poland. However Hitler ignores this reasoning and acts of his own volition and invades Poland.
  • Total destruction of Germany in 1945, completely obliterated. Hitler did some of it to his own people as he felt they didn’t deserve to continue to live as a race because they should’ve won the war however they did not and Hitler was deeply ashamed of his own nation.
  • Confronting images of the concentration camps and all the deaths of Jews (6 million) as they were stacked up half-naked as corpses being moved by a tractor, covering their dead bodies in mud and soil underneath the ground.
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